Deemed Dividend Distribution for 2023

Deadline 31/01/2024

Deemed Dividend Distribution for 2023

Cyprus tax resident companies with accounting profits for the tax year 2021 that fall within the DDD provisions, must declare at least 70% of its accounting profits of the year 2021 by 31 December 2023 and where applicable, pay the relevant Special contribution for defence of 17% and National Health Contribution of 2,65% by 31 January 2024.

Otherwise, on 31 December 2023, the relevant undistributed profits (up to the 70% threshold) would be considered as deemed distributed and the relevant SDC and GESY would need to be paid by 31 January 2024.


The Deemed Dividend Distribution (DDD) provisions apply to the profits of Cypriot tax resident companies that are ultimately attributable to shareholders which are Cypriot tax resident and Cypriot domiciled individuals. These provisions do not apply to the proportion of profits that are ultimately attributable to shareholders which are non-Cypriot tax resident individuals or Cypriot tax resident individuals that are not Cypriot-domiciled.

The DDD provisions apply to all Cyprus companies and indicates that 70% of their after tax profits must be distributed within 2 years from the tax year in which the profits are generated.

Special Defence Contribution (SDC) of 17% and General Healthcare Scheme (GHS) of 2.65% (as of 1/6/2020) must be deducted at source depending on the tax residence and domicile status of each shareholder. The net amount is given to the shareholders and the SDC and GHS contributions have to be paid to the Tax Department by the Company.

The payment date for SDC is at the end of the following month after the actual distribution date.

If 70% of the relevant profits are not distributed up to the due date, then Deemed Dividend Distribution (DDD) arises and the respective SDC and GHS contributions must be paid on the distributable profits up to 70%.

Payment of Actual Dividends

The Deemed Dividend Distribution is reduced with payments of actual dividends paid during the relevant year the profits were generated or paid during the following two years.

Dividends to other Companies

Dividends paid to another company are not subject to SDC and GHS, but subject to the following exemption.

Exemption: if the deemed distribution date comes first, then SDC and GHS contributions are payable and no refund is available for the CY resident companies.

Four year rule: Applicable to dividends paid between Cyprus tax resident companies –  if four years have passed from the end of the year in which the profits arose, then the above exemption does not apply.

Payments of SDC and GHS

The prompt payment of SDC and GHS can be made through the Tax Portal  by selecting one of the below payment methods from the icons appearing next to the Payment Reference Number (PRN) of the SDC and GHS payment:

·    Credit/debit card by selecting  which automatically transfers you to jccsmart gateway, or

·    online banking, by selecting .


Late payments can only be made via online banking

The relevant tax codes per payment type are provided below:

SDC on actual dividends paid – Tax code 603

SDC on deemed dividends distribution – Tax code 623

GHS contributions on actual dividends paid – Tax code 703

GHS contributions on deemed dividends distribution – Tax code 723

Tax declaration for actual dividend distribution

For actual dividend distribution, Form T.D.603 “Declaration of withheld Special Contribution for Defence (SDC) and General Healthcare Scheme (GHS) from Dividends” should be submitted by the end of the following month that the dividend was declared, through TAXISnet. Late submission carries a fixed penalty of €100.

Interest and penalties for late payment

  • Interest of 2.25% per annum is charge if SDC or GHS is not paid on time.
  • €100 for failure to submit a tax return or to supply information within the deadline set by the law.
  • 5% penalty for failure to pay the related tax by the due date.
  • An additional penalty of 5% on the tax due may be imposed if the tax remains unpaid two months after the above due dates.


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